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Thermo-mechanical reliability of flip chip structures used in DCA and CSP

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6 Author(s)
Schubert, A. ; Fraunhofer Inst. for Reliability & Microintegration, Berlin, Germany ; Dudek, R. ; Vogel, D. ; Michel, B.
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The continuing demand towards high-density and low profile integrated circuit packaging has accelerated the development of flip chip structures as used in direct chip attach (DCA) technology and chip size packages (CSP). The advantages in density, cost and electrical performance are obvious. Solder joints, the most widely used flip chip interconnects, have a relatively low structural compliance due to the large thermal expansion mismatch between silicon die and the organic substrate. This causes high thermally induced creep strain on the interconnects during temperature cycling and leads to early failure of the solder connections. The reliability of flip chip structures can be enhanced by applying an epoxy-based underfill between the chip and the substrate, encapsulating the solder joints. However, over ranges of design, process, and material parameters, different failure modes are observed with significant dependence on material properties and geometry. Nonlinear finite element analysis for flip chip structures is carried out to investigate the reliability impact due to a number of selected design and material parameters. Especially two fundamental issues are addressed, namely, the optimization of thermomechanical properties of underfill materials and manufacturing process-induced defects

Published in:

Advanced Packaging Materials, 1998. Proceedings. 1998 4th International Symposium on

Date of Conference:

15-18 Mar 1998