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Hierarchical packet fair queueing algorithms

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2 Author(s)
J. C. R. Bennett ; FORE Syst., Pittsburgh, PA, USA ; Hui Zhang

We propose to use the idealized hierarchical generalized processor sharing (H-GPS) model to simultaneously support guaranteed real-time, rate-adaptive best-effort, and controlled link-sharing services. We design hierarchical packet fair queueing (H-PFQ) algorithms to approximate H-GPS by using one-level variable-rate PFQ servers as basic building blocks. By computing the system virtual time and per packet virtual start/finish times in unit of bits instead of seconds, most of the PFQ algorithms in the literature can be properly defined as variable-rate servers. We develop techniques to analyze delay and fairness properties of variable-rate and hierarchical PFQ servers. We demonstrate that in order to provide tight delay bounds with an H-PFQ server, it is essential for the one-level PFQ servers to have small worst-case fair indices (WFI). We propose a new PFQ algorithm called WF 2Q+ that is the first to have all the following three properties: (1) providing the tightest delay bound among all PFQ algorithms; (2) having the smallest WFI among all PFQ algorithms; and (3) having a relatively low asymptotic complexity of O(log N). Simulation results are presented to evaluate the delay and link-sharing properties of H-WF2Q+, H-WFQ, H-SFQ, and H-SCFQ

Published in:

IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 5 )