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A real-time cyber-physical energy management system for smart houses

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5 Author(s)
Wei Wu ; Sch. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Nanyang Technol. Univ., Singapore, Singapore ; Aziz, M.K. ; Hantao Huang ; Hao Yu
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The substitution of non-renewable energy by renewable energy as electricity supply is an emerging trend for development of smart houses nowadays. For example, solar photovoltaic (PV) panels, rechargeable batteries, external power supply, and power-consuming houses have formed a distributed micro-smart-grid. The traditional energy management system (EMS) for such a micro-smart-grid is, however, based on static demand model. As such, the resource (solar energy) cannot be optimally allocated to each house with real-time adjustment when the battery profile is different. In order to achieve high utilization rate of solar-energy, we propose a cyber-physical controller for real-time EMS of smart houses in this paper. Based on physically sensed battery profile, one cyber-physical controller enables the resource to be shared between different houses. The micro-smart-grid is modeled by decentralized multi-supplier and multi-customer system. The proposed real-time EMS is formulated based on the modified minority-game (MG) algorithm such that the task (or EU load) can be allocated with balanced distribution and hence improved utilization rate. The experiment results show that the proposed EMS can increase the solar energy utilization rate by 12.78% on average (up to 20%) when compared to the traditional design under the static demand model. Moreover, the load balancing of tasks (or customers) on each battery (or supplier) is significantly improved. For example, the average standard deviation of the load of tasks on batteries in each month is reduced from 45.36 KWh (static demand model) to 5.19 KWh (proposed model). The improved load balancing can further prolong lifetime of batteries.

Published in:

Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Asia (ISGT), 2011 IEEE PES

Date of Conference:

13-16 Nov. 2011