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Electrical Motor Drivelines in Commercial All-Electric Vehicles: A Review

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7 Author(s)
de Santiago, J. ; Div. for Electr., Uppsala Univ., Uppsala, Sweden ; Bernhoff, H. ; Ekergård, B. ; Eriksson, S.
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This paper presents a critical review of the drivelines in all-electric vehicles (EVs). The motor topologies that are the best candidates to be used in EVs are presented. The advantages and disadvantages of each electric motor type are discussed from a system perspective. A survey of the electric motors used in commercial EVs is presented. The survey shows that car manufacturers are very conservative when it comes to introducing new technologies. Most of the EVs on the market mount a single induction or permanent-magnet (PM) motor with a traditional mechanic driveline with a differential. This paper illustrates that comparisons between the different motors are difficult by the large number of parameters and the lack of a recommended test scheme. The authors propose that a standardized drive cycle be used to test and compare motors.

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Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:61 ,  Issue: 2 )