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Structured covariance estimation for space-time adaptive processing

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2 Author(s)
T. A. Barton ; Lincoln Lab., MIT, Lexington, MA, USA ; S. T. Smith

Adaptive algorithms require a good estimate of the interference covariance matrix. In situations with limited sample support such an estimate is not available unless there is structure to be exploited. In applications such as radar space-time adaptive processing (STAP) the underlying covariance matrix is structured (e.g., block Toeplitz), and it is possible to exploit this structure to arrive at improved covariance estimates. Several structured covariance estimators have been proposed for this purpose. The efficacy of several of these are analyzed in this paper in the context of a variety of STAP algorithms. The SINR losses resulting from the different methods are compared. An example illustrating the superior performance resulting from a new maximum likelihood algorithm (based upon the expectation-maximization algorithm) is demonstrated using simulation and experimental data

Published in:

Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, 1997. ICASSP-97., 1997 IEEE International Conference on  (Volume:5 )

Date of Conference:

21-24 Apr 1997