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Voltage-Sensor-Less Synchronization to Unbalanced Grids by Frequency-Adaptive Virtual Flux Estimation

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4 Author(s)
Jon Are Suul ; Department of Electric Power Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway ; Alvaro Luna ; Pedro Rodriguez ; Tore Undeland

This paper proposes a simple method for inherently frequency-adaptive virtual flux (VF) estimation intended for voltage-sensor-less grid synchronization and control of voltage source converters. The frequency-adaptive characteristics are obtained by using a second-order generalized integrator configured as a quadrature signal generator (SOGI-QSG) with the grid frequency as an explicit input variable. It is also shown how the properties of VF estimation based on SOGI-QSGs can be utilized to achieve a simple and effective synchronization technique that integrates frequency-adaptive bandpass filtering, VF estimation, and symmetrical component sequence separation into one operation. This new method avoids cascaded delays of VF estimation and sequence separation and is labeled as dual SOGI-based VF (DSOGI-VF) estimation since it is based on two parallel SOGI-QSGs. The properties and performance of the DSOGI-VF estimation are analyzed in comparison to conventional configurations of VF estimation and sequence separation, demonstrating that it is a simpler structure with improved dynamic response. In fact, similar response time as for grid synchronization based on voltage measurements is achieved. The operation and performance of the proposed DSOGI-VF estimation method have been verified by laboratory experiments in a small-scale converter setup.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 7 )