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Component Analysis-Based Unsupervised Linear Spectral Mixture Analysis for Hyperspectral Imagery

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5 Author(s)
Chein-I Chang ; Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Electr. Eng., Univ. of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA ; Xiaoli Jiao ; Chao-Cheng Wu ; Du, E.Y.
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Two of the most challenging issues in the unsupervised linear spectral mixture analysis (ULSMA) are: 1) determining the number of signatures to form a linear mixing model; and 2) finding the signatures used to unmix data. These two issues do not occur in supervised LSMA since the target signatures are assumed to be known a priori. With recent advances in hyperspectral sensor technology, many unknown and subtle signal sources can now be uncovered and revealed and such signal sources generally cannot be identified by prior knowledge. Even when they can, the obtained knowledge may not be reliable, accurate, or complete. As a consequence, the resulting unmixed results may be misleading. This paper addresses these issues by introducing a new concept of inter-band spectral information (IBSI), which can be used to categorize signatures into background and target classes in terms of their sample spectral statistics. It then develops a component analysis (CA)-based ULSMA where two classes of signatures can be extracted directly from the data by two different CA-based transforms without requiring prior knowledge. In order to substantiate the utility of the proposed approach, synthetic images are used for experiments and real images are further used for validation.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 11 )