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Powers in nonsinusoidal situations-a review of definitions and physical meaning

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1 Author(s)
A. E. Emanuel ; Worcester Polytech. Inst., MA, USA

The author expands on the physical meaning of the reactive power in nonsinusoidal situations. The sinusoidal waveform case is surveyed, viewing the active current as a component of identical waveform with the voltage. This approach, when extended to nonsinusoidal waveforms, supports Fryze's model for apparent power, S2=p 2+Q2F. It is proved that the total reactive power QF is composed from four distinctive types of elementary reactive powers. Each of the basic reactive powers is identified as the amplitude of an oscillation of instantaneous power. The separation of QF in Q 1, the reactive power at the system frequency, and in QH, the reactive power at harmonic frequencies, is recommended as an effective mean for monitoring filter efficacy and power-factor compensation. Two major recommendations are supported by the results of this study: abolish the power model using distortion power, and measure the active power of the system frequency separately from the active power of the harmonics

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 3 )