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Advanced ROCOF protection Of synchronous generator

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4 Author(s)
Bohan Liu ; Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Univ. of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK ; Thomas, D. ; Ke Jia ; Woolfson, M.

The penetration of distributed generation (DG) in electrical power systems is rapidly increasing these days and more attention is drawn to maintaining a healthy distribution system. Islanding operation of DG is one of the biggest challenges. When Islanding occurs, the power supply from the main grid is interrupted which causes a problem when distributed generators keep providing power into the distribution networks. This situation can damage both DG and power system equipment if the grid is suddenly reconnected to the system. This paper investigates improving the performance of rate of change of frequency (ROCOF) as used in embedded generation islanding detection of synchronous generator. The factors of ROCOF relays which contribute to the diverse operating response are frequency measuring algorithms, measuring windows, and the different relay settings. It is found that the rate of change of power can be used to avoid false operation of synchronous generators during non-islanding situation. This is demonstrated for a variety of load types.

Published in:

Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT), 2011 IEEE PES

Date of Conference:

17-19 Jan. 2011