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In this paper, the problem of channel equalization in filter bank multicarrier (FBMC) transmission based on the offset quadrature-amplitude modulation (OQAM) subcarrier modulation is addressed. Finite impulse response (FIR) per-subchannel equalizers are derived based on the frequency sampling (FS) approach, both for the single-input multiple-output (SIMO) receive diversity and the multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) spatially multiplexed FBMC/OQAM systems. The FS design consists of computing the equalizer in the frequency domain at a number of frequency points within a subchannel bandwidth, and based on this, the coefficients of subcarrier-wise equalizers are derived. We evaluate the error rate performance and computational complexity of the proposed scheme for both antenna configurations and compare them with the SIMO/MIMO OFDM equalizers. The results obtained confirm the effectiveness of the proposed technique with channels that exhibit significant frequency selectivity at the subchannel level and show a performance comparable with the optimum minimum mean-square-error equalizer, despite a significantly lower computational complexity. The possibility of tolerating significant subchannel frequency selectivity gives more freedom in the multicarrier system parameterization. For example, it is possible to use significantly wider subcarrier spacing than what is feasible in OFDM, thus relieving various critical design constraints.
Date of Publication: Jun 2011