Skip to Main Content
The 45-nm technology, called 12S and developed for IBM POWER7®, is an extremely robust and versatile technology platform that allows for a rich set of features that include embedded dynamic random access memory (DRAM), performance and dense static RAM (SRAM), a trench-based decoupling capacitor, a comprehensive device menu, and a high-performance hierarchical back-end interconnect scheme, all built on a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) substrate. Embedded DRAM was implemented for production in high-performance SOI for the first time and allowed us to leapfrog two generations of conventional SRAM densities. Immersion lithography was also employed for the first time in 45-nm IBM products. Our 45-nm design point represents a judicious leverage of silicon oxynitride dielectrics, scaled device technology, and rich features to yield chip-level performance enhancement of more than 50%, compared with our 65-nm node at comparable or less power. This paper describes the salient features of this technology node, the process architecture, the device design rationale, and the process design interactions.
Date of Publication: May-June 2011