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Recently, anomaly detection (AD) has attracted considerable interest in a wide variety of hyperspectral remote sensing applications. The goal of this unsupervised technique of target detection is to identify the pixels with significantly different spectral signatures from the neighboring background. Kernel methods, such as kernel-based support vector data description (SVDD) (K-SVDD), have been presented as the successful approach to AD problems. The most commonly used kernel is the Gaussian kernel function. The main problem using the Gaussian kernel-based AD methods is the optimal setting of sigma. In an attempt to address this problem, this paper proposes a direct and adaptive measure for Gaussian K-SVDD (GK-SVDD). The proposed measure is based on a geometric interpretation of the GK-SVDD. Experimental results are presented on real and synthetically implanted targets of the target detection blind-test data sets. Compared to previous measures, the results demonstrate better performance, particularly for subpixel anomalies.
Date of Publication: July 2011