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A Review of Charging Algorithms for Nickel and Lithium Battery Chargers

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2 Author(s)
Hussein, H.A.-H. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Univ. of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA ; Batarseh, I.

Battery-charging algorithms can be used for either single- or multiple-battery chemistries. In general, single-chemistry chargers have the advantages of simplicity and reliability. On the other hand, multichemistry chargers, or “universal battery chargers,” provide a practical option for multichemistry battery systems, particularly for portable appliances, but they have some limitations. This paper presents a review of some charging algorithms for major batteries, i.e., nickel-cadmium, nickel-metal-hydride, and lithium-ion batteries for single- and multiple-chemistry chargers. A comparison between these algorithms in terms of their charging schemes and charge termination techniques is included. In addition, some trends of recent chargers development are presented.

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Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 3 )