Skip to Main Content
We demonstrate a simple but sensitive hydrogen gas sensor composed of a palladium-coated long-period fiber grating (LPG). By writing an LPG in a low core index fiber, high-order cladding modes are excited. As the palladium thin layer absorbs hydrogen, the effective refractive indexes of the cladding modes are affected, thus the resonant wavelengths of the LPG are changed with a high sensitivity. With 70-nm-thick coating, 7.5 nm of the hydrogen-induced spectral shift was achieved. The spectral response of the proposed sensor to hydrogen gas and its recovery with nitrogen gas are presented.