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Convex set theoretic image recovery by extrapolated iterations of parallel subgradient projections

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1 Author(s)
P. L. Combettes ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., City Univ. of New York, NY, USA

Solving a convex set theoretic image recovery problem amounts to finding a point in the intersection of closed and convex sets in a Hilbert space. The projection onto convex sets (POCS) algorithm, in which an initial estimate is sequentially projected onto the individual sets according to a periodic schedule, has been the most prevalent tool to solve such problems. Nonetheless, POCS has several shortcomings: it converges slowly, it is ill suited for implementation on parallel processors, and it requires the computation of exact projections at each iteration. We propose a general parallel projection method (EMOPSP) that overcomes these shortcomings. At each iteration of EMOPSP, a convex combination of subgradient projections onto some of the sets is formed and the update is obtained via relaxation. The relaxation parameter may vary over an iteration-dependent, extrapolated range that extends beyond the interval [0,2] used in conventional projection methods. EMOPSP not only generalizes existing projection-based schemes, but it also converges very efficiently thanks to its extrapolated relaxations. Theoretical convergence results are presented as well as numerical simulations

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Image Processing  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 4 )