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Nanoelectronics is the gateway to a variety of novel electronic devices and systems with substantially new properties. It enables the development of nanoscale electronic devices, covering radio frequencies in the terahertz range and beyond up to optical frequencies. The on-chip integration of antennas opens new vistas for novel devices and integrated systems for sensing, detection, wireless communications, and energy harvesting applications. However, the requirements of antenna integration into the chip architecture are different from those of circuit integration. Nanoelectronic technologies strike a compromise between these requirements.