Skip to Main Content
Fault current limiters (FCLs) are expected to play an important role in the protection of future power grids. Inductive FCLs are particularly interesting due to their inherent reaction to a fault, but are not commercialized because of a too large amount of magnetic material and an induced overvoltage across dc windings. This paper introduces a new three-phase FCL with a common core and trifilar windings. With the new FCL topology, the phase windings are placed on a single core, resulting in significant reduction of the amount of required magnetic material. Furthermore, the phase windings are wound simultaneously, so that the flux coupling between the phases is increased considerably. It cancels out the magnetic field and reduces the FCL normal impedance significantly. The dc windings are used only to compensate for possible asymmetry in the system currents. Consequently, the number of dc turns and the induced overvoltage are considerably decreased. Testing of a scaled-down FCL lab prototype made it possible to verify the FE simulation results and demonstrated the principle of operation of the new topology. Experimental and simulation results matched very well.