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The inventions of modern scientific applications of recent era have introduced many new dimensions of the computing technology. Conventionally two basic types of the computing technologies have ever been in use including the computing based on the extremely high speed application specific integrated circuits (ASICs) and the computing based on the most flexible programmable general purpose processors (GPPs). So far these domains of computing have been targeting the two different types of the applications including the high speed applications with the use of the ASICs and versatile programmable applications with the use of the GPPs. But the recent scientific research has introduced many new application areas which are requiring both the high speed as well as flexibility of the computing platforms. In order to fulfill these requirements of such type of applications, the reconfigurable computing technology has been introduced. Reconfigurable computing is intended to fill the gape between the ASICs and GPPs by integrating the both technologies on a single chip. This research paper introduces the role of reconfigurable computing in the execution of such a type of newly born modern scientific applications.