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Cooperative Wiener-ICA for source localization and Separation by distributed microphone arrays

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2 Author(s)
Francesco Nesta ; Fondazione Bruno Kessler-Irst (Trento, Italy) ; Maurizio Omologo

During the last decade, distributed microphone arrays have been proposed in order to increase accuracy and spatial coverage of speaker localization systems operating in large and reverberant rooms. In principle, the framework provided by a distributed microphone network can also be applied effectively when using Blind Source Separation (BSS). Separation is commonly performed by processing the signals sampled at closely spaced microphones in a single adaptation step, for example by means of Independent Component Analysis (ICA). When the microphone spacing or the distance between source and microphones increase, the separation performance reduces due to spatial aliasing effects and to a reduced spatial coherence at microphones. In this paper we propose a new method, here referred to as Cooperative Wiener ICA (CW-ICA), which is able to apply BSS to signals acquired by a network of distributed microphone arrays. Different ICA adaptations are applied to the signals recorded by each array and are interconnected in order to constrain each adaptation to converge to a solution related to the same physical interpretation. A preliminary analysis on a network of two arrays shows that the proposed method can be applied successfully to source separation and localization tasks.

Published in:

2010 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing

Date of Conference:

14-19 March 2010