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Using state estimation residuals to detect abnormal SCADA data

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4 Author(s)
Jian Ma ; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA 99352, U.S. ; Yousu Chen ; Zhenyu Huang ; Pak Chung Wong

Detection of abnormal supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) data is critically important for safe and secure operation of modern power systems. In this paper, a methodology of abnormal SCADA data detection based on state estimation residuals is presented. Preceded with a brief overview of outlier detection methods and bad SCADA data detection for state estimation, the framework of the proposed methodology is described. Instead of using original SCADA measurements as the bad data sources, the residuals calculated based on the results of the state estimator are used as the input for the outlier detection algorithm. The BACON algorithm is applied to the outlier detection task. The IEEE 118-bus system is used as a test base to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed methodology. The accuracy of the BACON method is compared with that of the 3-σ method for the simulated SCADA measurements and residuals.

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Date of Conference:

19-22 April 2010