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Peak-to-Average Power Reduction of OFDM Signals by Convex Optimization: Experimental Validation and Performance Optimization

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3 Author(s)
Charles Nader ; Center for RF Measurement Technology, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden ; Peter Handel ; Niclas Bjorsell

We evaluated the application of the convex optimization to peak-to-average power reduction on an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) 802.11a signal. A radio frequency power amplifier was excited with an OFDM signal, and the peak-to-average reduced counterpart and its performance figure of merits were measured and compared. A state-of-the-art radio frequency test system with high accuracy was used for this purpose. Improvements due to the optimization in the output power and power-added efficiency and the influence of the power distribution in the excitation signal on power amplifier performance were investigated. Improvements of 6 dB in output power and 6.5% in power-added efficiency were achieved on average near the operating region. The effect of preserving power-free guard subcarriers was introduced in the optimization algorithm and investigated regarding adjacent channel interference. An improvement of 9 dB from that aspect was observed using half of the power-free subcarriers, which reveals the importance of a guard interval.

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IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 2 )