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Excursion Yield Loss and Cycle Time Reduction in Semiconductor Manufacturing

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2 Author(s)
Robert C. Leachman ; Dept. of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, U.S.A. ; Shengwei Ding

The importance of cycle time reduction is well known to the semiconductor manufacturing industry in the sense of reduced inventory costs and faster response to the market. Less emphasized is the fact that the overall die yield is also closely related to cycle time. In particular, some yield losses are due to “excursions,” when process or equipment shift out of specifications. While some and perhaps most excursions are detected by in-line inspections, some are not detected until the wafers are tested in the probing area after fabrication. A long production cycle time will expose significant amounts of wafers in production to defective processing by such excursions. This paper introduces analytical formulas to quantify the revenue losses due to excursions not detected until end-of-line testing as a function of manufacturing cycle time, excursion probabilities and kill rates. The formulas provide a means to evaluate the revenue gains due to cycle time reduction, based on the assumption that the average selling prices of semiconductor products are declining steadily at predictable rates.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 1 )