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We present the first implantable MEMS drug delivery device that includes an electrochemical bellows pump, refillable drug reservoir, and dual regulation valve. Multiple drug pump configurations were fabricated, assembled, and tested. Delivery of agents for cancer radiation reduction was demonstrated. In vivo chronic delivery of radiation sensitizing agents in the form of small interfering (siRNA)-gold nanorod complexes (nanoplexes) directly to tumors induced in mice was achieved. Radiation therapy in conjunction with active drug pumping by electrolysis actuation resulted in significant reduction of colon cancer tumor (HT29) size (~50%) over diffusion-based delivery and intravenous injections. To our knowledge, this is the first MEMS drug delivery pump suitable for safe, efficacious, and local delivery of short half-life siRNA in vivo.
Date of Conference: 24-28 Jan. 2010