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This paper reports on the assessment of langatate (LGT) acoustic material constants and temperature coefficients by surface acoustic wave (SAW) delay line measurements up to 130??C. Based upon a full set of material constants recently reported by the authors, 7 orientations in the LGT plane with Euler angles (90??, 23??, ??) were identified for testing. Each of the 7 selected orientations exhibited calculated coupling coefficients (K2) between 0.2% and 0.75% and also showed a large range of predicted temperature coefficient of delay (TCD) values around room temperature. Additionally, methods for estimating the uncertainty in predicted SAW propagation properties were developed and applied to SAW phase velocity and temperature coefficient of delay calculations. Starting from a purchased LGT boule, the SAW wafers used in this work were aligned, cut, ground, and polished at University of Maine facilities, followed by device fabrication and testing. Using repeated measurements of 2 devices on separate wafers for each of the 7 orientations, the room temperature SAW phase velocities were extracted with a precision of 0.1% and found to be in agreement with the predicted values. The normalized frequency change and the temperature coefficient of delay for all 7 orientations agreed with predictions within the uncertainty of the measurement and the predictions over the entire 120??C temperature range measured. Two orientations, with Euler angles (90??, 23??, ??) and (90??, 23??, 119??), were found to have high predicted coupling for LGT (K2 > 0.5%) and were shown experimentally to exhibit temperature compensation in the vicinity of room temperature, with turnover temperatures at 50 and 60??C, respectively.
Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:57 , Issue: 3 )
Date of Publication: March 2010