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Fast Katsevich Algorithm Based on GPU for Helical Cone-Beam Computed Tomography

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8 Author(s)
Guorui Yan ; Medical Image Processing Group , Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China ; Jie Tian ; Shouping Zhu ; Chenghu Qin
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Katsevich reconstruction algorithm represents a breakthrough for helical cone-beam computed tomography (CT) reconstruction, because it is the first exact cone-beam reconstruction algorithm of filtered backprojection (FBP) type with 1-D shift-invariant filtering. Although FBP-type reconstruction algorithm is effective, 3-D CT reconstruction is time-consuming, and the accelerations of Katsevich algorithm on CPU or cluster have been widely studied. In this paper, Katsevich algorithm is accelerated by using graphics processing unit, including flat-detector and curved-detector geometry in the case of helical orbit. An overscan formula is derived, which helps to avoid unnecessary overscan in practical CT scanning. Based on the overscan formula, a volume-blocking method in device memory is proposed. One advantage of the blocking method is that it can reconstruct large volume with high speed.

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IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 4 )