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In this paper, the influence of one-sample delay for sampling and computation in digital control on the bandwidth of the inner current loop of a 400-Hz ground power unit (GPU) is analyzed first. The results show that it is difficult and even impossible for high-power 400-Hz GPUs to maintain low total harmonic distortion content in the output voltage with the conventional proportional-integral-based double-loop control. To improve the performance, resonant controllers with parallel structure which are widely used in active power filters are applied to the single-loop control of the 400-Hz GPU. The parameter design criterion for the parallel resonant controllers is discussed in the discrete time domain. Meanwhile, adoption of proportional gain in the single-loop control is investigated. The results show that it can improve the performance little and may cause instability problems. Comparisons between different control methods for the 400-Hz GPU are also made, and the single-loop control method in this paper seems to be the most suitable one in terms of simplicity and performance. Experiments on a 16-b fixed-point DSP-controlled 90-kVA 400-Hz GPU prototype show satisfactory results of the single-loop method feeding linear/nonlinear and balanced/unbalanced loads.