By Topic

Magnetoresistance Properties of Planar-Type Tunnel Junctions With Ferromagnetic Nanogap System Fabricated by Electromigration Method

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

7 Author(s)
Tomoda, Yusuke ; Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Tokyo Univ. of Agric. & Technol., Koganei, Japan ; Takahashi, Keisuke ; Hanada, Michinobu ; Kume, Watari
more authors

We report electromigration techniques for the fabrication of planar-type tunnel junctions with ferromagnetic nanogap system. In these techniques, by monitoring the current passing through the devices, we are easily able to obtain the planar-type Ni-Vacuum-Ni tunnel junctions. In this paper, magnetoresistance (MR) properties of the planar-type Ni-based tunnel junctions formed by stepwise feedback-controlled electromigration (SFCE) and field-emission-induced electromigration (activation) are studied. We performed the SFCE method for Ni nanoconstrictions connecting asymmetrical butterfly-shape electrodes. Furthermore, the activation technique was applied to Ni nanogaps with separations of 15-45 nm. MR ratio of the devices formed by the SFCE exhibited approximately 4% at 16 K . On the other hand, the devices fabricated by the activation showed MR ratio of above 300% at 16 K. These results suggest that it is possible to fabricate planar-type ferromagnetic tunnel junctions with vacuum barriers by electromigration techniques.

Published in:

Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 10 )