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Design, analysis and test results for a superconducting linear synchronous motor

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6 Author(s)
D. L. Atherton ; Queen's University, Physics Department, Kingston, Canada ; A. R. Eastham ; J. A. Cunningham ; S. B. Dewan
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A linear synchronous motor has been designed to propel a 480 km/h magnetically levitated passenger vehicle. The paper describes the motor and presents the results of tests which have been performed on essentially full-scale components of the motor using a 7.6 m-diameter test-wheel facility. Controlled starting, acceleration, cruising, deceleration and transient operation have been demonstrated. A 6-component force balance has been used to measure the three forces and three moments acting on a single stationary superconducting magnet due to its interaction with the split 3-phase windings mounted on the rim of the test wheel and energised by a variabl-efrequency current-controlled inverter power supply. Measured forces and terminal characteristics over complete cycles of force angle are in excellent agreement with analysis based on a coupled circuit model of the machine and mutual inductance computations. Moments were measured to be small underall operating conditions. Two modes of control have been demonstrated. The ¿-scheme, proposed for a full-scale system, maintains the angle between induced voltage and phase current at a value which optimises the motor characteristics, i.e. inverter MVA rating, etc. ß-control, which may be required for starting, uses vehicle position detectors to fire the inverter thyristors at appropriate times.

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Electrical Engineers, Proceedings of the Institution of  (Volume:124 ,  Issue: 4 )