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Universal multifractal scaling of synthetic aperture radar images of sea-ice

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6 Author(s)
Falco, T. ; Dept. of Phys., McGill Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada ; Francis, F. ; Lovejoy, S. ; Schertzer, D.
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Multifrequency, multipolarization imaging radar scattering coefficient data sets, acquired by synthetic aperture radar (SAR) over sea-ice, were studied in order to reveal their scale-invariant properties. Two distinct scenes were acquired at C-band (5.6 cm) and L-band (25 cm) wavelengths for three different linear polarizations (HH, VV, and HV). These sea-ice radar scattering coefficient fields were investigated by applying both Fourier and multifractal analysis techniques. The (multi) scaling of the data is clearly exhibited in both scenes for all three polarizations at L-band and for the HV polarization at C-band. The fields presenting this symmetry were found to be well described by universal multifractals. The corresponding parameters α, C1, and H were determined for all these fields and were found to vary little with only the parameter H (characterizing the degree of nonconservation) displaying some systematic sensitivity to polarization. The values found for the universal multifractal parameters are α≈1.85±0.05, C1≈0.0086±0.0041, and H≈-0.15±0.05

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:34 ,  Issue: 4 )