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A recessed-implanted-gate (RIG) 1290-V normally-off (N-OFF) 4H-SiC vertical-channel JFET (VJFET), fabricated with a single masked ion implantation and no epitaxial regrowth, is evaluated for efficient power conditioning applications. The relationship between the VJFET's on-state resistance and current gain is elucidated. Under high-current-gain operation, which is required for efficient power switching, the 1200-V N-OFF (enhancement mode) VJFET exhibits a prohibitively high on-state resistance. Comparison with 1200-V normally-on VJFETs, fabricated on the same wafer, confirms experimentally that the strong gate-depletion-region overlap required for 1200-V N-OFF blocking is the principal contributor to the prohibitively high specific on-state resistance observed under high-current-gain VJFET operation. Perfecting the 1200-V edge termination structure, which can reduce the theoretical drift specific ON-state resistance from 2.2 to 1.5 mOmega ldr cm2, has a negligible impact in decreasing the channel-dominated 1200-V N-OFF VJFET resistance. The RIG VJFET channel-region optimization simulations (assuming a single commercial implantation and no epitaxial regrowth) revealed that, although aggressively increasing channel doping lowers the resistance, the corresponding reduction in the source mesa width can prohibitively limit manufacturability.
Date of Publication: July 2009