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Transient Starting Torques in Induction Motors

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2 Author(s)
A. M. Wahl ; Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company, East Pittsburgh, Pa. ; L. A. Kilgore

A transient fundamental-frequency torque is shown to occur in the starting of all induction motors. For full-voltage starting on a general-purpose squirrel-cage motor, this torque may be as high as two or three times the pull-out torque. A consideration of such torques is particularly advisable for cases where induction motors are started and stopped frequently or continuously, since under such conditions mechanical failure of the motor or associated parts, gearing, couplings, etc., may occur if the stresses exceed the endurance limit of the material. A method of analysis is given for calculating the transient electrical torques acting in the case of a locked rotor; the results obtained by means of this analysis are compared with test data obtained on a special locked-rotor test setup. A method is also given for calculating shaft torque from the electrical torque in the usual application. Test results also indicate that this method is satisfactory for practical use.

Published in:

Transactions of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 11 )