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A squared distance criterion for antenna location design in generalized distributed antenna systems (GDAS) is proposed to maximize the cell averaged ergodic capacity. The criterion requires the antenna port locations minimize the expectation of the squared distance between a randomly distributed user and the nearest antenna port. This is equivalent to codebook design in vector quantization. For uniform user distribution, we can easily derive analytical expressions for antenna locations. For more general user distribution, we can obtain numerical results using the codebook design algorithm. Applying the proposed criterion to circular-layout GDAS with uniform user distribution and linear cell with non-uniform user distribution, we achieve near optimal performance.
Date of Publication: May 2009