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The dyadic wavelet transform is an effective tool for processing piecewise smooth signals; however, its poor frequency resolution (its low Q-factor) limits its effectiveness for processing oscillatory signals like speech, EEG, and vibration measurements, etc. This paper develops a more flexible family of wavelet transforms for which the frequency resolution can be varied. The new wavelet transform can attain higher Q-factors (desirable for processing oscillatory signals) or the same low Q-factor of the dyadic wavelet transform. The new wavelet transform is modestly overcomplete and based on rational dilations. Like the dyadic wavelet transform, it is an easily invertible 'constant-Q' discrete transform implemented using iterated filter banks and can likewise be associated with a wavelet frame for L2(R). The wavelet can be made to resemble a Gabor function and can hence have good concentration in the time-frequency plane. The construction of the new wavelet transform depends on the judicious use of both the transform's redundancy and the flexibility allowed by frequency-domain filter design.
Date of Publication: Aug. 2009