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In this paper, we propose a new algorithm for the segmentation of multiresolution remote-sensing images, which fits into the general split-and-merge paradigm. The splitting phase singles out clusters of connected regions that share the same spatial and spectral characteristics. These clusters are then regarded as atomic elements of more complex structures, particularly textures, that are gradually retrieved during the merging phase. The whole process is based on a recently developed hierarchical model of the image, which accurately describes its textural properties. In order to reduce the computational burden and preserve contours at the highest spatial definition, the algorithm works on the high-resolution panchromatic data first, using low-resolution full spectral information only at a later stage to refine the segmentation. It is completely unsupervised, with just a few parameters set at the beginning, and its final product is not a single segmentation map but rather a sequence of nested maps which provide a hierarchical description of the image, at various scales of observations. The first experimental results, obtained on a remote-sensing Ikonos image, are very encouraging and confirm the algorithm potential.