By Topic

A New Mechanism for Mesoscale Legged Locomotion in Compliant Tubular Environments

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

6 Author(s)
Valdastri, P. ; Center of Res. in Microengineering (CRIM) Lab., Scuola Superiore Sant''Anna, Pisa, Italy ; Webster, R.J. ; Quaglia, C. ; Quirini, M.
more authors

We present design and experimental performance results for a novel mechanism for robotic legged locomotion at the mesoscale (from hundreds of microns to tens of centimeters). The new mechanism is compact and strikes a balance between conflicting design objectives, exhibiting high foot forces and low power consumption. It enables a small robot to traverse a compliant, slippery, tubular environment, even while climbing against gravity. This mechanism is useful for many mesoscale locomotion tasks, including endoscopic capsule robot locomotion in the gastrointestinal tract. It has enabled fabrication of the first legged endoscopic capsule robot whose mechanical components match the dimensions of commercial pill cameras (11 mm diameter by 25 mm long). A novel slot-follower mechanism driven via lead screw enables the mechanical components of the capsule robot to be as small while simultaneously generating 0.63 N average propulsive force at each leg tip. In this paper, we describe kinematic and static analyses of the lead screw and slot-follower mechanisms, optimization of design parameters, and experimental design and tuning of a gait suitable for locomotion. A series of ex vivo experiments demonstrate capsule performance and ability to traverse the intestine in a manner suitable for inspection of the colon in a time period equivalent to standard colonoscopy.

Published in:

Robotics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:25 ,  Issue: 5 )