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Energy-Efficient Peak-Current State-Machine Control With a Peak Power Mode

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1 Author(s)
Wong, K. ; Power Integrations, San Jose, CA

The peak-current control that is modeled in this paper is a novel variable-frequency control that maintains regulation in a flyback converter by enabling and disabling cycles instead of modulating the pulse width, which allows for elimination of feedback compensation and can provide for peak power three times higher than the rated full-load power without increasing the power supply component sizes. A state machine sets the peak current of each enabled cycle, based on the load requirements. The variable-frequency nature of this control scheme reduces switching losses significantly at light loads, while the lowering of the peak current by the state machine reduces the output ripple and audible excitations of the transformer. The state-machine control is completely modeled for the first time, including new modeling for the maximum power deliverable in continuous conduction mode (CCM), the peak-current ratio between states, the number of states required for stability, the minimum number of counts for state transitions required for stability, and modeling for a new peak state with double the maximum switching frequency, which provides peak power during brief peak loads, without requiring an overrated transformer . Characterization of a supply that was designed around the monolithic IC that uses this control scheme is provided.

Published in:

Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 2 )