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In this letter, a methodology to overcome the layover problem and obtain the 3-D reconstruction of urban areas will be discussed. Interferometric synthetic aperture radar (SAR) (InSAR) systems allow the estimation of height profiles of the Earth surface, but in the case of urban scenarios, estimation becomes a hard task due to the presence of SAR geometrical distortions, with layover above all. First, the layover signal in InSAR images is investigated; then, a procedure to specifically manage layover areas is presented. The proposed method consists of introducing an auxiliary data exploitation, optical data or SAR shadowing, in the maximum a posteriori statistical estimation technique to improve the digital elevation model reconstruction, particularly on phase discontinuities. We test the method on simulated data, showing its effectiveness.
Date of Publication: April 2009