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Short-Range Clutter Suppression for Airborne Radar by Utilizing Prefiltering in Elevation

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4 Author(s)
Xiangdong Meng ; Nat. Key Lab. of Radar Signal Process., Xidian Univ., Xi''an ; Tong Wang ; Jianxin Wu ; Zheng Bao

Space-time adaptive processing (STAP) techniques have achieved good performance when applied to side-looking airborne radar (SLAR) where the ground clutter is relatively stationary, but due to severe range dependence, the performance is not so good in non-SLAR particularly when the pulse repetition frequency is high enough to induce range ambiguity. Because the short-range clutter Doppler for non-SLAR varies rapidly with range while the long-range clutter Doppler varies gently, at the presence of range ambiguity, the clutter in different ambiguous ranges does not coincide. The clutter range dependence mitigation for the case of range ambiguity is the major problem that this letter intends to solve. A subarray synthesis algorithm with prefiltering in elevation is presented. By this technique, the ambiguous short-range clutter is eliminated before STAP; therefore, the clutter range dependence is alleviated, and then, the STAP performance will be improved greatly.

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, IEEE  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 2 )