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Four-switch buck-boost (FSBB) converter features low-voltage stress across the power switches and positive output voltage. They have two active power switches and two synchronous rectifiers, so two freedoms, i.e., the duty cycles of the two active switches, are available to regulate the output voltage. This paper proposes a two-edge modulation (TEM), in which the two active switches are trailing-edge and leading-edge modulated, respectively. Thus, the inductor current ripple can be reduced. Furthermore, a 3-mode TEM is derived to reduce the root-mean-square value of the inductor current to reduce the conduction loss. The line range is divided into three regions, and FSBB operates at boost, buck-boost, and buck modes in the lower, medium, and higher input voltage regions, respectively. At buck and boost modes, only two switches are high-frequency switched, so that the total switching loss is reduced. In the buck-boost mode, the inductor current ripple is very low compared with other two modes. Hence, the switching frequency is lowered to reduce the switching loss. The 3-mode TEM can achieve high efficiency over the line range, which is verified by a 48-V (36-75 V) input, 48-V @ 6.25-A output prototype. The measured efficiency is higher than 96.5% over the line range and the efficiency at the nominal input voltage is 97.8%.
Date of Publication: Feb. 2009