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The future Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity satellite time of overpass is 6 A.M. and 6 P.M. at the equator. In many regions, morning dew is expected at the time of the satellite overpass and might play a role in soil moisture retrievals. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of dew on L-band measurements. Radiometric, biomass, and dew measurements were performed over a natural grass field. Our results show that at the diurnal scale, vegetation internal water content changes play a major role in emission. A direct impact of dew on measurements was not identified. However, a brightness temperature increase of 0.5 and 1 K was observed at vertical and horizontal polarizations, respectively. This increase was detected later after dew, suggesting that it was not directly caused by the presence of dew on the grass blades. Our hypothesis is that the observed increase in brightness temperatures is due to the absorption of dew water by the litter layer.