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Cooperative Fading Regions for Decode and Forward Relaying

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2 Author(s)
Savazzi, S. ; Dipt. di Elettron. e Inf., Politec. di Milano, Milano ; Spagnolini, U.

Cooperative transmission protocols over fading channels are based on a number of relaying nodes to form virtual multi-antenna transmissions. Diversity provided by these techniques has been widely analyzed for the Rayleigh fading case. However, short range or fixed wireless communications often experience propagation environments where the fading envelope distribution is meaningfully different from Rayleigh. The main focus in this paper is to investigate the impact of fading distribution on performances of collaborative communication. Cooperative protocols are compared to co-located multi-antenna systems by introducing the concept of cooperative fading region. This is the collection of fading distributions for which relayed transmission can be regarded as a competitive option (in terms of performances) compared to multi-antenna direct (noncooperative) transmission. The analysis is dealt with by adopting the information theoretic outage probability as the performance metric. Cooperative link performances at high SNR are conveniently expressed here in terms of diversity and coding gain as outage parameters that are provided by the fading statistics of the channels involved in collaborative transmission. Advantages of cooperative transmission compared to multi-antenna are related to the propagation environment so that the analysis can be used in network design.

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 11 )