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Fountain Codes Based Distributed Storage Algorithms for Large-Scale Wireless Sensor Networks

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3 Author(s)
Salah A. Aly ; Texas A&M Univ., College Station ; Zhenning Kong ; Emina Soljanin

We consider large-scale networks with n nodes, out of which k are in possession, (e.g., have sensed or collected in some other way) k information packets. In the scenarios in which network nodes are vulnerable because of, for example, limited energy or a hostile environment, it is desirable to disseminate the acquired information throughout the network so that each of the n nodes stores one (possibly coded) packet and the original k source packets can be recovered later in a computationally simple way from any (1 + isin)k nodes for some small isin > 0. We developed two distributed algorithms for solving this problem based on simple random walks and Fountain codes. Unlike all previously developed schemes, our solution is truly distributed, that is, nodes do not know n, k or connectivity in the network, except in their own neighborhoods, and they do not maintain any routing tables. In the first algorithm, all the sensors have the knowledge of n and k. In the second algorithm, each sensor estimates these parameters through the random walk dissemination. We present analysis of the communication/transmission and encoding/decoding complexity of these two algorithms, and provide extensive simulation results as well.

Published in:

Information Processing in Sensor Networks, 2008. IPSN '08. International Conference on

Date of Conference:

22-24 April 2008