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This research investigates how interacting with tangible user interfaces (TUIs) affects spatial cognition. To study the impact of TUIs, a between subjects study was conducted (n=60) in which students learned about the operation of an anesthesia machine. A TUI was compared to two other interfaces commonly used in anesthesia education: (1) a Graphical User Interface (a 2D abstract simulation model of an anesthesia machine) and (2) a Physical User Interface (a real world anesthesia machine). Overall, the TUI was found to significantly compensate for low user spatial cognition in the domain of anesthesia machine training.
3D User Interfaces, 2008. 3DUI 2008. IEEE Symposium on
Date of Conference: 8-9 March 2008