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Adaptive optics (AO) is used in ground-based astronomical telescopes to improve the resolution by counteracting the effects of atmospheric turbulence. Most AO systems are based on a simple control law that neglects the temporal evolution of the distortions introduced by the atmosphere. This paper presents a data-driven control design approach that is able to exploit the spatio- temporal correlation in the wavefront, without assuming any form of decoupling. The approach consists of a dedicated subspace-identification algorithm to identify an atmospheric disturbance model from open-loop wavefront sensor data, followed by H2-optimal control design. It is shown that in the case that the deformable mirror and wavefront sensor dynamics can be represented by a delay and a two taps impulse response, it is possible to derive an analytical expression for the H2-optimal controller. Numerical simulations on AO test bench data demonstrate a performance improvement with respect to the common AO control approach.
Date of Publication: May 2008