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An operational strategy for secondary power system restoration using grey relational analysis (GRA) is presented. The restoration scheme can be divided into three steps involving fault section determination, recovering process and voltage correction process. Three GRAs are incorporated to design the overall restoration scheme. The first GRA uses the network-switching status to identify the fault. The second GRA combines the switching states and load levels for network recovery. The third GRA uses capacitor bank control (CBC) to support bus voltages. Optimal power flow (OPF) is also used to verify the proposed scheme by off-line analysis to confirm a secure overall network operation including load-power balance, power generation limits, voltage limits and power flow limits. Computer simulations were conducted with an IEEE 30-bus power system to show the effectiveness of the proposed restoration scheme.
Date of Publication: March 2008