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This letter presents a low-power active bandpass filter (BPF) at K-band fabricated by the standard 0.18 mum 1P6M CMOS technology. The proposed filter is evolved from the conventional half-wavelength resonator filter, using the complementary-conducting-strip transmission line (CCS TL) as the half-wavelength resonator. Furthermore, the complementary MOS cross-couple pair is proposed as a form of current-reuse scheme for achieving low-power consumption and high Q-factor simultaneously. The simulated results indicate that the Q-factor of the proposed half-wavelength resonator can be boosted from 9 to 513 at 25.65 GHz compared with the resonator enhanced by the nMOS cross-couple pair to Q-factor of merely 43 under the same power consumption. The proposed active BPF of order two occupies the chip area of 360 mum times 360 mum without contact pads. The measured results show that the center frequency of the active BPF is 22.70 GHz and a bandwidth of 1.68 GHz (7.39 %). The measured P1 dB and noise figure at 22.70 GHz are -7.65 dBm and 14.05 dB, respectively. There is a 56.84 dB suppression between the fundamental tone and the second harmonic when the input power is -11.26 dBm. While showing 0 dB loss and some residual gain, the active BPF consumes 2.0 mA at 1.65 V supply voltage with maximum of 0.15 dB insertion loss and 9.96 dB return loss at pass band.
Date of Publication: Feb. 2008