Skip to Main Content
This paper describes a novel optical imaging method, deep illumination angular domain imaging (ADI), for detecting micron-scale objects within highly scattering media. The new optical imaging is a much simpler and less expensive solution as compared to other available optical imaging techniques. In principle, deep illumination ADI uses collimation detection capabilities of small acceptance angle devices to extract photons emitted from the scattered light created by a laser source, aimed deep beneath the turbid medium surface. The laser source forms an illumination ball within the medium that emits scattered light in all directions and illuminates objects near the surface from behind. Consequently, when photons from this illumination ball pass an object and reach the angular filter, light that is not subsequently scattered passes through to a camera detector, whereas scattered photons are rejected by the filter. Image results obtained are recorded for different phantom locations, phantom sizes, and medium scattering levels. Our images clearly display sub-204 m phantoms when placed 3 mm deep within a test scattering medium with total effective attenuation coefficient (mu'eff) up to 5.8-1 cm or 2.5 mm deep in chicken tissue tests. Preliminary digital image processing shows the image contrast enhancement and the definition improvement.