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A sparse pine forest is investigated at X-band on a single-pass polarimetric synthetic aperture radar interferometry (PolInSAR) data set using HH and HV channels. These first preliminary results show that the associated phase centers present a significant vertical separation (about 6 m) allowed by penetration through gaps in the canopy. Forest parameter inversion using the random volume over ground (RVoG) model is evaluated and adapted at this frequency. The forest height can be retrieved accurately by supposing a high mean extinction coefficient (around 1.6 (dB/m). The penetration depth is estimated to be around 4 m, based on the forest height ground measurements. Finally, a time-frequency analysis using a sublook decomposition is performed to increase the vertical separation of the polarimetric phase centers. As a consequence, RVoG-inversion performance is improved, and a penetration depth that is in better accordance with a previous work (of the order of 2 m) is found. This paper has shown that the height inversion of a pine forest was possible using PolInSAR X-band data and that the performance was more dependent on the forest density than at lower frequencies.