By Topic

Optimized FMIPv6 Using IEEE 802.21 MIH Services in Vehicular Networks

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)

In this paper, we optimize the handover procedure in the fast handover for mobile IPv6 (FMIPv6) protocol by using the IEEE 802.21 media independent handover (MIH) services. FMIPv6 is used to enhance the performance of handovers in mobile IPv6 and its basic extension for network mobility (NEMO), i.e., the fundamental mobility management protocols used in vehicular networks. With the aid of the lower three layers' information of the mobile node/router (MN/MR) and the neighboring access networks, we tackle the radio access discovery and candidate access router (AR) discovery issues of FMIPv6. We introduce an "information element container" to store static and dynamic layer 2 (L2) and layer 3 (L3) information of neighboring access networks and propose to use a special cache maintained by the MN/MR to reduce the anticipation time in FMIPv6, thus increasing the probability of the predictive mode of FMIPv6 operation. Furthermore, we propose a cross-layer mechanism for making intelligent handover decisions in FMIPv6. The lower layer information of the available links obtained by MIH services and the higher layer information such as quality-of-service (QoS) parameter requirements of the applications are used by a policy engine to make intelligent handover decision. We will show through analysis and simulations of the signaling procedure that the overall expected handover (both L2 and L3) latency in FMIPv6 can be significantly reduced in the proposed mechanism.

Published in:

Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 6 )