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Simplified Spatial Correlation Models for Clustered MIMO Channels With Different Array Configurations

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3 Author(s)
Forenza, A. ; LLC, San Francisco ; Love, D.J. ; Heath, R.W.

An approximate spatial correlation model for clustered multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels is proposed in this paper. The two ingredients for the model are an approximation for uniform linear and circular arrays to avoid numerical integrals and a closed-form expression for the correlation coefficients that is derived for the Laplacian azimuth angle distribution. A new performance metric to compare parametric and nonparametric channel models is proposed and used to show that the proposed model is a good fit to the existing parametric models for low angle spreads (i.e., smaller than 10deg). A computational-complexity analysis shows that the proposed method is a numerically efficient way of generating the spatially correlated MIMO channels.

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Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 4 )